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Implant dentistry typically involves two phases: the placement of the dental implant and subsequently its restoration. The placement of dental implants involves the surgical insertion of a titanium component resembling a screw into the bone in the area of the missing tooth (teeth). Once placed, the bone in the area begins to grow around the implant securing it firmly in place (osseointegration).

Once the area is fully healed and the implant is successfully integrated into the bone, it is ready to be restored. The restoration of the implant refers to the placement of a dental prosthetic to replace the missing tooth (teeth). This can take the form of a dental crown, a dental bridge or a denture.

The use of dental implants has three main advantages over other restorative solutions. The first, and arguably most important, is related to improved functionality. The prosthetic replacement tooth (teeth) is firmly secured in place, allowing for normal, or close to normal, functionality and bite. The second advantage is related to the diminished bone resorbtion (attrition) that would normally occur in an area of jaw bone with no natural root system in place. The implant acts in lieu of the natural tooth’s root and prevents the resorbtion of the bone in the affected area. This prevents the jawbone from becoming visibly recessed and significantly more fragile than the rest of the jaw. Finally, the use of dental implants eliminates the preparation of neighbouring teeth as would be required when preparing a traditional dental bridge. It is always preferable to avoid the removal of natural tooth surface whenever possible. Dental implants allow for that.